Accueil MSH-Alpes


“PrécaEt”: Indicator of students’ precarious situation  Français

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Author :

Benjamin Vial


Philippe Warin
Grenoble, Odenore, , January 2011, 5 p.

Collection :

Study n°16

Language :


Internship report, Master’s 2 PROGISS – Science-Po Grenoble
Online questionnaire survey and statistical analysis.

Report in french.


The indicator of students’ precariousness, “PrécaEt”, was built and tested during a survey on 497 first-year university students in Grenoble and Bordeaux, concerned by tutoring programmes. The online questionnaire survey was run from February to April 2010. The sample was composed of 384 students to whom tutoring was proposed and 113 students to whom no tutoring was proposed.  Most of these students were studying in the following disciplines: psychology, biology, physics and chemistry, science and techniques of physical and sports activities, mathematics and information science.

In addition to questions on the students’ attendance and evaluation of the tutoring, a part of the questionnaire was devoted to students precarious situations. These questions afforded us a general overview of forms of student precariousness, which we could then link up to the findings on take-up of the tutoring. This was precisely what the PrécaEt indicator was designed for.

The PrécaEt indicator is based on a selection of variables available in the initial questionnaire, considered to be the most relevant with regard to the expected measurement. Converted into a score, it aims at classifying individuals on a scale of precariousness. With this aim, it groups together 8 components, weighted by means of a value of 1 or 2, attributed according to the importance that we grant them by convention.

The questions corresponding to these 8 components are: Are you studying on a grant? (yes/no); Do you feel lonely? (mostly yes/mostly no); What is your perception of your own health? (scale of 1 to 10, where 0 = very bad health and 10 = excellent health); Did you borrow money to finance your studies? (yes/no); Do you have a part-time job while studying? (yes/no) and, if so, what is the main reason for this job? (to meet your basic needs/for recreational purposes/to improve your CV/other); Do you sometimes choose not to obtain medical care? (yes/no); Do you sometimes choose not to buy things to meet your basic needs? (yes/no); Do you always have enough to eat? (yes/no).

The results of the test on data pertaining to TU/NTU of tutoring were particularly interesting and showed the predictive qualities of this tool.